Wholesale & Retail Sales
The Hanlon Family
Pat, Laura and Molly


Japanese Red Pine Pinus densiflora


Height 40-60 feet   spread about the same


Japanese Red Pine is a relative newcomer in the retail landscape market though it was brought to this country in the mid 1800's. It's native area is Japan, Korea and China.

Habitat- Quite a bit hardier than the Japanese Black Pine having been grown here at Porcupine Hollow for the last six years I have never seen any winter damage with winter temperatures as low as minus 14 degrees F. Hardiness zones are 3b to 7. The Japanese red pine can be grown in a variety of soil types ranging from clay to sand but it does require well drained acidic soil. Do not plant where winter salt spray will hit it. For those situations plant Austrian pine. In the states it is generally grown as a focal point or centerpiece as it can acquire that oriental look as it ages and that beautiful red-orange bark on a twisted multi-trunked pine. Look for a sunny location if possible. The Japanese red pine has a slow growth rate as compared to a white pine. If you grow bonsai then this will be one for your collection.

Leaves- This is a 2 needle pine with 4-6" slender, twisted, dark green needles that last three years, grown on somewhat brittle branches. This is one of the coarser needled pines with needles similar to our American red pine. The needles tend to yellow in the winter.

Flowers- The flowers of the Japanese red pine are of both sexes, yellow and for the most part inconspicuous.

Fruit- The cones are brown, persistent for up to 2 years, somewhat inconspicuous, 1-2" long opening in the 2nd year.

Winter Buds- Brown, 1/2" with the sticky resin about.

Bark- The trunk can be showy, trained to a single trunk, orange red when young and tending to be platy and somewhat darker when mature.

Wood- The wood of a Japanese red pine is probably similar to our pines, a soft wood. In Japan it is grown for timber.

Pests- Normally a pest free tree but can be bothered by needle blight, sawflies and needlecast.

Distribution- The Japanese red pine can be grown as far south as coastal Virginia to Raleigh NC to Northern Georgia, Alabama, northern Texas.

Cultivars-There are about ten cultivars of Japanese red pine with the Pendula  as one of the nicer varieties with it's weeping form.

Porcupine Hollow sells seedling and container grown Japanese red pine. The seedlings can be shipped by UPS but the container grown pines must be picked up at the farm. The seedlings are shipped in minimum quantities of 1. You may also want to check out our Japanese black pine and our Himalayan white pine.


For seedling Japanese red pine prices

click here and scroll down to Pine-Japanese red




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