to eliminate WEEDS
without a Tree Spade..
A Quick Guide to Successful
Proper Care of Nursery Stock
Porcupine Hollow has put valuable
time and effort into the bareroot seedlings you are receiving. We
want our quality trees to continue to grow on your land. These are
our suggestions for success and satisfaction.
A. Have your area ready to plant
before the trees arrive. Be sure to have storage and supplies prior
to arrival to handle the stock properly.
B. Since dehydration is one of the
biggest factors influencing successful handling of bare root
material, it is important that you do not allow the roots to dry out
at any time. Keep the plants out of the sun wind and freezing temps
at all times. Store in cold storage if possible, at 34-38 degrees F
and maintain humidity at 90%+. If cold storage is not available wet
the roots and store the plants in a cool, damp location.
For longer storage plants should
be trenched or heeled into the soil. Open the bundles and spread the
roots out in a trench. Make sure the roots are covered and watered
well. Eliminate any air pockets around the roots.
Evergreen and deciduous seedlings
produced at our nursery are adaptable to a broad area of the United
States. Seedlings and transplants are easily planted on about any
site where enough soil can be compacted firmly around the roots of
the seedling. The main reason for proper site preparation is to
alleviate the difficult maintenance of the trees and make planting
much easier. It is recommended that the site be prepared at least
one year before planting. You should till, grade and plant a good
cover crop to build the soil, help with erosion and eliminate weed
seeds. Check with your Extension office for assistance with
preparing the soil. Existing weeds and grass will compete with your
new plants and must be controlled with mowing or herbicide. Check
with your Extension office for proper herbicide application. We have
a sprayer that is fast and
efficient in killing weeds.
Using a flat spade, work the spade back and forth to create
a V shaped trench. Make sure that your trench is deeper than the
length of the tree roots.
Holding the tree by the trunk, use your other hand to push
the roots into the bottom of the trench. Then gently pull the tree
back up so that the original dirt line on the tree is level with the
ground. It is very important that the roots are not curled up or to
the side in the hole.
Put at least a quart of water into the trench and when it
drains down backfill your trench. Tamping it down with your foot.
To help with moisture retention and weed control, you can
place up to an inch of mulch around the tree. Leave at least an
inch of space between the trunk of the tree and the beginning of the
A 6’X6’ spacing will require 1,200
trees per acre.
Planting and Care
We do not recommend planting
fertilizer in the planting hole.
Be sure your seedlings are planted
at the proper depth to ensure the roots are entirely covered and
that the tree stands upright and firmly in the ground. Be sure to
tamp the seedlings down with your boot. If watering becomes
necessary check here for information about