A White Pine is a majestic evergreen when planted as a
specimen tree or as a group. White Pine needles are long and soft in groups of 5.
The needles of the white pine last for two years, the older needles
falling off in the fall of the second year. The needle color is
bluish-green, length of 3-5 inches and are very soft. The Korean pine is also a 5 needle
pine but has coarser, curved needles and is a much slower growing tree.
The male flower is 1/3" long, yellow and somewhat attractive (see photo
below). The cones are erect and spreading the first year, 4-7" long
browning and opening the second fall. The seeds are 1/4" long, brown and
average 26,000 per pound. The cones can be quite messy on
occasional years littering the lawn and making life tough for your
lawnmower. The white pine seed have a long wing probably for dispersal.
The seed is eaten by red squirrels, crossbills and pine siskens. Beautiful thin, grey-brown bark matures to dark, maple like bark.
The white pine branches are quite brittle and one must take care when
climbing the tree to keep your feet near the trunk when standing on a
branch. Ice storms can devastate white pine due to the brittleness of
the branches. The wood is light, soft, weak, compact, straight grained,
easily worked and light brown. A cubic foot of well seasoned white pine
weighs 25 pounds per cubic foot. There is not much distinction in the
grain between spring and summer wood so it is highly prized for
woodworking as it is soft grained. White pine was once used for masts on
sailing ships. The national champion white pine is located in Marquette
Michigan, 201' tall. There are also numerous old growth giants at
Hartwick Pines State Park near Grayling, Michigan.
Porcupine Mountain State Park has plenty of old growth pines.
Cook Forest State Park & Hearts content tract in Pennsylvania are
examples of virgin tracts. This was the tree that rebuilt Chicago
O'Leary's cow kicked over the lantern. Between 1870 and 1910 the
white pine was the premier tree cut in Michigan. Billions of board feet
were cut and milled during that period.
White pines love moist soils and have a
fast rate of growth. My record for growth in one year is 62" on a white pine growing along
Knowles creek. Early growth can be phenomenal slowing as the tree
matures. Two to three feet per year on average can be expected in good
soils. Young White Pines are fairly tolerant of half-day shade
while more mature White Pines prefer a sunny location. Actually a partial shade
location offers some protection from the white pine weevil. White Pine does not
tolerate salt. They do not grow well on clay or on soil with a pH above 7. White
Pine seedlings have little tolerance for drought, soil compaction and heat and should be
used only in the cooler climates.
are found most commonly mixed with white cedar or
arborvitae and yellow
birch in low lying areas in the upper
Deward tract was a vast, 100,000 plus acre white pine forest 30
miles east of our farm that was logged around 1910. It is now grown over
in second growth hardwood forest. It is a great hiking destination with
the Manistee river traversing the length of the forest.
White pine blister rust, the most serious disease of the white pine, a
bark disease caused by a fungus which spends part of it's life cycle on
currant or gooseberry can infect a branch or the whole trunk. The only
remedy is to cut out the infected area and burn the branches. The white
pine weevil is not a fatal bug infecting white pine and to a degree blue
spruce but it does reduce the timber value of the tree. The bug lays
it's eggs at the base of the leader (top most bud on the tree) and
hatches when the average day time high temps reach the 60's. Planting in
partial shade seems to confuse the bug and reduces the infestation. Spraying
the leader with Sevin can kill the worm but once burrowed in the tree
the only remedy is to cut the leader off. Eastern
White Pine is sensitive to air pollution and salt spray. Do not
plant on the south side of the road if salt is used in the winter.
Trees are best suited for zone 6B and north
although they can grow as far south as the mountains of Georgia. The
native range is from Newfoundland west to Manitoba south to Georgia.
White pine makes a very handsome landscape tree, transplant easily and
in my opinion is the most beautiful of the northern evergreens.
Compacta- a dwarf, slow growing
Glauca- A deep bluish-green form
Pendula- A weeping variety with
Pinus strobiformis-similar, to 100', native from Arizona to
Mexico. Grows well in Northern Michigan. Also known as Mexican
Western white pine- Pinus
monticola- to 220', source American made of wooden matchsticks,
needles persist 3-4 years (eastern white pine last 2 years)
Native from BC to California.
Korean Pine- Pinus
koraiensis - Has edible pinion nuts.
Buy White Pine seedling trees for landscaping or
12' White Pine
2-3, 18-30" White Pine transplant
4-5' in bag $50
White pines on the shore of Lake Superior.
White Pine flower
call for prices of large White Pines.
To order White Pine seedlings by PHONE: We're glad to take your
order by phone. For your convenience, we have a toll free number 800
568-9179. Phone orders can be charged to VISA or MasterCard accounts.
To order White Pine seedlings by MAIL: For those who wish to
order by mail or prefer to send a check, send orders to:
Porcupine Hollow Farm
8593 W. State Rd. Central Lake, Mi. 49622
To order White Pine seedlings using our secure shopping cart: