White Oak also known as
eastern white oak, stave oak, fork leaf oak
and ridge white oak has a broad, round,
dense head, spreading branches and purple-red fall colors. White oak
is a medium to large tree from 60-100'. Trunks from 3-8' in
diameter. The most widespread of the white oaks. The white oak
leaf is dark green in summer and hang on thru the winter as most
Oaks do. The leaves are 4 to 10" x 2-4"with 5-9 moderate to
deep rounded lobes. They are alternate on the stem, dark green with
whitish or greenish hairs. Interesting flaky bark. I consider the White Oak one of the
more beautiful of Oaks. The nut of the White Oak tree is about
1" long covered 1/3 by the cap, ripens the 1st year. The white
oak group of trees (50 types) all have acorns that mature the first
autumn, heavy crops happen every 4-7 years. The acorns are
sweet, edible and a favorite of wild game.
White Oaks can be transplanted Balled and burlapped when small.
We grow some of our big white oaks in growbags which allows us to
hand dig trees up to 3" caliper. White Oaks have a tap root that grows beneath the trunk in soil that
drains well, but this is not present on most trees planted on clay
or compacted soil. By using our
root bags to control root growth should help growers of nursery
plants make more of these native trees available. White Oak grows
best in moist soil that does not dry out for long periods. Trees are
usually well structured and require little pruning after 20 years
except to remove dead wood. Early pruning should concentrate on
maintaining a central trunk. Branches should be spaced about 18 to
24 inches apart.
White Oak grows in sun or partial shade and prefers an acid, moist,
well-drained soil. These trees are long lived but somewhat
slow growing. It is best to start out with a large seedling or
sapling to save some growing years.
The white oak lumber is hard, heavy, durable, tough
with a light brown heartwood, contrast to red oak with a darker
reddish-brown wood. The wood was used in sailing ships of old. These
days the wood is used in furniture making, flooring and barrel
making which is why it is also called stave oak. Vernor's ginger ale
is aged in white oak barrels. The wood is also used for railroad
ties and fuel wood. The bark is used for tanning leather.
Disease & Pests
The gypsy moth is one of the more destructive pests of the
oaks. The caterpillars hatch in late April to May and take
about 7 weeks to develop. Gypsy moth overwinter in egg masses laid
on trees. Chemical treatment is effective on caterpillars though not
necessary unless there is 30% or more defoliation. Cottony maple
scale can effect oaks. Look for white egg sacks on branches.
Insecticides are rarely needed. Two lined chestnut borer lays
eggs on the oaks and the larvae burrow under the bark emerging in a
D shaped hole. Stressed trees are more prone to attack. Treatment is
not practical once they are burrowed under the bark. Oak wilt
is probably the most serious disease of the white oak although they
are less susceptible than the black oak family. It is spread by the
picnic beetle which carries the spores tree to tree. Prune your oaks
only when dormant.
tree can grow to 100' in the woods. The White is hardy from zone 3 to zone 9. Slow to medium growth
rate. White Oak Trees are North American native to the following North American places:
pretty much the whole eastern half of the USA with the exception of
South Florida and Northern New England. White oak is rare in the
upper peninsula but common in the lower peninsula of Michigan. We
also have: Burr English Oak, English Oak, Willow Oak, Chestnut Oak,
Columnar English Oak, Shumard Oak.
Swamp White Oak,
Pin Oak, Northern Red Oak, Heritage Oak, Regal Prince Oak,
Rocky Mountain White Oak, Oregon White Oak, Burr gambel Oak, Scarlet Oak,
Northern Pin Oak,
Bur Oak, Chinkapin Oak seedlings.
White oak seedling and transplants prices are below. White
oak in Michigan are found mainly in the lower peninsula especially
in the southern half but occasionally in the Upper.
Quercus garryana Oregon white oak from
southern BC to California.
To buy large B+B oaks call.
Mature white oak
white oak leaf
Bark of white oak
Quanity / Price
Call for B+B prices.
White Oak seedlings by PHONE: We're glad to take your
order by phone. For your convenience, we have a toll free number 800
568-9179. Phone orders can be charged to VISA, American Express or MasterCard accounts.
To order White Oak seedling by MAIL: For those who wish to
order by mail or prefer to send a check, send orders to:
Porcupine Hollow Farm
8593 W. State Rd. Central Lake, Mi. 49622